limits of the City of Harrisburg.
In 1729 the name was written on all the maps and records Pashtauk; in 1750 Peisctang; in 1780 Paxtang; and Paxton, since 1780, the date of the organization of and erection of Dauphin County.
Hanover Twp. Was named from Hanover in Prussia, the Hereditary domain of George 1st, King of England, which gave the title of "House of Hanover" to the present ruling family of Great Britain; this township was cut off Peshtauk in 1737.
We find it necessary to break the thread of our record in order to introduce a brief narrative of Samuel Stewart, Jr., a nephew of Hugh Stewart, Sr.
Samuel Stewart, Jr., son of Samuel, Sr., [No. 2, See pg. 2] was but in his infancy on leaving County Down, Ireland, where he was born in 1834 when his father emigrated to the Province of Pennsylvania and settled at Chestnut Level in 1735.
After coming of age he settled on land purchased for him in Hanover Twp. Lancaster Co., [now South Hanover Twp., Dauphin Co.,] about the year 1756. This Twp. was established in 1737, was the frontier and subject to Indian raids and depredations until the year 1763 when the indignant and long suffering citizens of Hanover and Paxton Twps. led by Captain Lazarus Stewart (who is not known to be connected with the family) put a stoppage to them by slaying the Conestoga Indians at Lancaster.
In early life Samuel Stewart made a profession of faith in the Presbyterian Church, and was for many years a member and supporter of the Old Hanover Church, one of the historical churches of Dauphin Co., founded in 1719, located eleven miles east of Harrisburg.
Samuel Stewart Jr., performed Revolutionary War service; we find his name on the roster of Col. Timothy Green’s Battalion for defense of the frontier.
We also find his name among those who after the erection and organization of the County of Dauphin in 1785 served on the Grand Jury composed of prominent citizens. We recognize among others these names, the ancestors of well-known families of today:-
James Cowden Robert Mongomery**
John Gilchrist B. Brunson
John Carson Roan McClure
William Craine John Wilson
Richard Dixon Archibald McAlister
James Crouch John Pattimore
William Brown Jacob Awl
James Rogers Andrew Stewart
John Cooper Samuel Stewart
John Clark Alex Berryhill
Samuel Templeton Stewart, born 1734, died 1803, aged 69 years and was laid to rest by the side of his first wife, Nancy Templeton Stewart, in the old graveyard at Hanover Church, graves unknown and unmarked. He was said to have been a large man, over six feet in height, weighing 250 lbs. His face was large and fleshy, his complexion fair, and his nose was his least prominent feature, but his whole appearance gave the impress of intelligence, earnestness, and determination.
In 1769 he married Nancy Templeton, who we suppose was his cousin from the similitude of names. She was the mother of three daughters and five sons:-
1st. Robert Templeton Stewart, born 1770, died 18583, settled in Bellefont, Pa., and had 9children [Center Co., Pa.].
2nd. Sarah Stewart, born 1772, died 1835, moved to Clark Co., Ohio, in 1806, married Joseph Stewart [Hugh] and had 5 sons and 5 daughters.
** Likely Montgomery, a name well-known.- V. E. S.
[Venna and Grace Finney’s Stewart line. M. F.]
3rd. Samuel Elder Stewart, born 1775, died 1857, moved to Clark Co., Ohio, had three sons and five daughters.
4th. James B. Stewart, born 1777, settled in Clark Co., Ohio, in 1806, had 2 sons and four daughters. Married.
5th. Charles Stewart, born 1778, died 1846; in 1802 he settled near Monroe, Butler Co., Ohio. Married Mary Stewart [No. 13, Hugh].
6th. John Templeton Stewart, born 1781, died 1850. In 1806 settled in Clark Co., Ohio, had 8 sons and 1 daughter.
7th. Mary McClay Stewart, born 1784, died in 1816. Became the second wife of James Stewart [No. 12, Hugh].
8th. Nancy [Agnes] Stewart, born in 1786, died in 1827, married John R. Beaty of Butler Co., Ohio, had three sons and seven daughters.
[After the death of his wife, Nancy Templeton in 1789, Samuel Stewart married Agnes Calhoun, daughter of William and Hannah Calhoun of Paxton Twp. Dauphin Co., Pa. She was born in 1765, married at the age of 26 and died in Center Co., Pa., in 1823, whither she had moved with her young children in 1813, as their father, Samuel Stewart, had died Sept. 6, 1803 and was buried in Hanover Church yard. Before the widow and her young children moved to Center Co., _____ that she purchased a farm in West Hanover Twp., Dauphin Co., adjoining the farm of Robert Stewart (her step-son, possibly), ten miles east of Harrisburg on the Jonesboro road. She then moved in 1813 to _____ Spruce Creek, Center Co., where the records show Robert Stewart, son of Samuel by his first wife had gone, so possibly the widow with her young children went with them. Robert being the eldest son by his father’s first wife would have an interest in the second wife’s young children. No particulars are known more than that the two families moved to Center County which was quite a distance north of Dauphin Co.]
Nancy Calhoun, 2nd wife of Samuel Stewart, died in 1823. She left 3 sons and one daughter, namely:-
1st. William Calhoun Stewart, born 1790, died 1852, left 6 children.
2nd. David Stewart, born 1792, died in Colerain Forge, Huntington Co., Pa., in 1869; [From the birth of his brother, Robert, till the time of his own death covered a period of 99 years.] he became, no doubt, the wealthiest man of the entire family. Had 8 children.
3rd. Thomas Finney Stewart, 3rd son of Samuel T. Stewart and Nancy Calhoun, was born in Dauphin Co., Pa., in 1794. He became a Methodist [No disgrace in that. M. F.] and was the only _____ one of his family who forsook the faith of his fathers and the Presbyterian Kirk. He had 15 children. [M. F. "My imagination has played around this Thomas Finney Stewart. My great, great grand-father, Thomas Finney married Susanna Stewart and they lived in Dauphin Co., Pa., where the Stewarts lived. Samuel Stewart and Thomas Finney were near of an age, but Thos. Died young in 1770 or 71, while Samuel Stewart lived to a good old age, till 1803. It would seem also that Susanna, wife of Thos. Finney, might have been related to Samuel, but we have never discovered just how. We know she was not a sister for records give it that the Stewart brothers – said to be 12, had only one sister, by name of Mary. My only idea is that my Susanna Stewart would be a daughter of the Robert, the one who made three starts to come to America and always was hindered by bad seas. He may have finally made it, -- see pg. 2."" Note- These lines are not in the Ayers manuscript. M. Finney].
Several intermarriages between children of Hugh Stewart Sr., and children of Samuel Stewart, Jr., nephew of Hugh, Sr.
These are the three brothers who seem to have been the only ones out of a large family of brothers and sisters who leaned towards getting over to America. So from the very fact that Robert is mentioned in connection with Samuel and Hugh it looks as though Robert came, or some of his children came and were welcomed into the families of their uncles. Mere guess-work, but I have definitely noticed with interest that Samuel Stewart, (born 1734) was so deeply interested in the widow and orphans of my Thomas (Finney) who died in 1770-71, leaving a widow (Susanna) and 10 children; and it is also my idea that Sarah Stewart the wife of Robert Stewart, a bro. Of Samuel and Elijah would be a sister of my Susanna Stewart Finney. I also have another idea about why Samuel Stewart named a son Thomas Finney Stewart, (the one who became a Methodist), my idea is this:- This child was born in 1794 – It might be, that Susanna had died about this time, (we do not know the date of either her birth or death), the elderly Samuel, with a boy to name in his old age, though of his old friend, Thomas and so gave him his name. Far-fetched? M.F.]
4th. Margaret Stewart, youngest child of Samuel T. Stewart and Agnes Calhoun, his wife [Margaret] was born in 1796 in Hanover Twp., Dauphin Co., Pa. Died in Pittsburg in 1835, aged 39 years. In 1820 she married John Lyon, Iron Master of Pennsylvania Furnace Co. Huntington Co. She had 9 children, 4 sons and 5 daughters; the only of the latter now living is Jane Alice Lyon, born in 1829, the wife of the writer of these pages [Bucher Ayers, merchant of Philadelphia, born in Harrisburg, Dauphin Co., Pa., April 25th, 1827.].
The Barnett Family bore most intimate relations with the Stewarts, a brief reference to whom follows:-- Joseph Barnett of Hanover Twp. Was one of the Heroes of the Frontier and Revolutionary times and may be said to have been the founder of the Barnett family.
He was born in North Ireland in 1726; his parents came to America and settled in Hanover Twp. when he was 8 years old; Joseph Barnett married Martha Snodgrass, sister of the last and greatest Pastor of the old Hanover Church.
This Township was subjected to Indian raids from 1755 to 1763; for their mutual defense and protection, the Barnetts and their immediate neighbors had erected a block house on the Manade Creek in proximity to Col. Timothy Green’s mill. We cannot give a better illustration of life on the frontier than by a brief recital of an incident in the history of this family which has been graphically described.
About the year 1760 the Indians made an attack upon the settlement, killing a man called Mackey, severely wounding Joseph Barnett, who was on horseback and escaped; they captured several persons, among whom were William, son of Joseph Barnett, and young Mackey, both of whom they took westward, William being only 7 years old. It is needless to record the efforts of the father to recover his lost and favorite son which were fruitless.
Nine years afterwards the boy was recovered by Col. Groghan [Croghan?] from the Indians in Ohio, and sent home against his inclination, for he was now 16 years of age and a perfect young savage. His father met him unexpectedly in Carlisle, his mother was dead. Young Mackey fell into the hands of the English, who carried him to England; he returned as a soldier in the British Army during the Revolutionary War, and taking the first opportunity to escape, returned to Hanover, a fine young man. As the story goes when his old mother saw him first she would not believe that the boy was her long lost son and refused over and over to accept him, till some one said to her, "didn’t your son have some mark on his body by which you could identify him?" She said, "Yes, he had a birth mark on his foot." In less than no time the young man pulled off his boot and showed her a mark which she quickly
recognized. Imagine the rejoicing!**
Col. Joseph Barnett was grandfather of Mrs. Robert Stewart and Mrs. James Stewart. He moved to Allegheny Co., Pa., where he died in 1808, aged 82 years, and was buried in the Lebanon Church yard, Mifflin Twp., Allegheny Co., Pa. William Barnett, the captive, was their uncle. His health being broken by exposure, he did not live many years.
A very prominent citizen, also of Hanover Twp., was Col. Timothy Green; he was of Scotch-Irish descent and was born on the Manada in 1735. His father was Robert Green from the county of Antrim, Ireland, who is said to have settled here as early as 1725. Robert Green was one of the first Elders of the old Hanover Church, now gone.
Timothy Green presided in 1774 at the extraordinary meeting of the citizens of the Hanover Twp., at which the resolutions were exceedingly patriotic and prophetic and took decided ground for liberty in opposition to the Mother Country. The 4th Resolution read as follows:- "That in event of Great Britain attempting to force unjust laws upon us, we leave to arms our cause; we leave it to Heaven and our rifles." The Executive Committee appointed at this meeting consisted of Timothy Green, Dixon James Stewart, Joseph Barnett and John Rogers. These were the earliest resolutions upon record which preceded the American Revolution.
Col. Green organized the Hanover Rifle Battalion; among the names on the roster, we find Samuel Stewart, James Stewart, John Templeton, David Calhoun. He continued in the Continental Service with his Battalion until the close of the Revolution. The service rendered was the protection of the frontier against the Indians and gathering supplies for the Army. Although illiterate and unlearned in law, he was appointed by the Executive Committee of Pennsylvania, April 2nd, 1785, President of the Court of Common Pleas and Quarter Session of Dauphin Co. Col. Green died in Dauphin, then known as Greensburg, in 1812 and is buried in the old graveyard on the hill. He was thrice married; his daughter, Elizabeth was married to John Lytle of Lytle Ferry, a grand-uncle of the writer [Bucher Ayers]. The 2nd wife of Timothy Green was an Effy Finney and they had three children.
We have given a brief sketch of the state of the Province of Pennsylvania on and after the arrival of the family in 1735[--family of Samuel Stewart and wife, Mary McClay and their three young children, John, Robert and Samuel with Hugh Stewart the 16 year old brother of the elder Samuel].
It is also our purpose to give a historical sketch of Pashon [Paxton] and Hanover Townships in the early days, together with the contemporaries of Hugh and Samuel Stewart, conspicuous characters like Lazarus Stewart, Parson Elder, John Harris, and Laus Chrisson, in order to illustrate more fully their lives and times, although not strictly relating to a Genealogical Record; but however interesting and instructive such might prove to be found, we must henceforth adhere to, the record.
The reader will have no difficulty in tracing the family connection through the figures to the left of the marginal line. Having the name of Hugh Stewart’s children, we will now proceed with their individual history. [An explanation or rather a review for the sake of clarity, by M. F.] [Following the method of Bucher Ayers, note that his record on pg. 4 gives Hugh Stewart as 4th Hugh Stewart. This method is carried on through.]
5th. Jane, eldest child of Hugh and Hannah Dallas Stewart, was born in Pashon Twp., [then] Lancaster Co., Pa., Nov. 1st, 1751, married in 1772 John Robeson; at very early day settled in Ohio, near Monroe, Butler Co. She died in 1824, aged 74 years, and was buried in Monroe Cemetery; their children were:--
** This story appears flawed. First the mother is listed as having died, then, years later, she is skeptical, then finally rejoices, at the finding of her son. It is not totally clear who was the source of this story.- V.E.S.
14th. Sarah [Robeson], born in Pashon Twp. In 1773; married Henry of Fayette Co., Pa., and settled in eastern Ohio.
15th. Hannah [Robeson], born _____, married John Wilson; they also settled in western Ohio.
16th. Jane [Robeson], born _____, married Wilson Stewart No. 39 of Flat Rock, Indiana [her cousin].
17th. William Robeson, born in Fayette Co., Pa., whither his parents first moved, before settling finally in Ohio, in 1799. William was born in 1778, and was one of the Pioneers settled here whilst it was the great North-West Territory; Ohio was not organized as a state until 1802.
18th. Hugh Robeson was born in Red-Stone Settlement, Fayette Co., Pa., in 1780; in 1816 married Margaret McGregor, of Monroe, Butler Co., Ohio; the oldest homestead farm fell to Hugh S. Robeson to which his sons, John, Matthew and David Robeson succeeded. He died in 1849.
19th. John D. Robeson, born in Fayette Co., in 1782, married in 1811 Martha Morrow who died in 1815, had three daughters. John D. Robeson subsequently married Margaret Heaby, had three sons and four daughters, Monroe, Butler Co., Ohio. The names of their children follow, to wit:-- John; Thomas N.; David; Elizabeth Jane, born in 1822, married William Barnett; Martha, born 1827, married A. R. Harner; Margaret born in 1832, married J. Corry; Clarissa Ann, born in 1838, married John Kitchen; John D. Robeson, the father, died in 1844, buried in Monroe, Ohio.
20th. James B. Robeson, son of Jane Stewart and John Robeson, was born in Fayette Co., in 1783, married Margaret Stewart [his cousin, No. 29] in 1808, had two children, Jane and William; Margaret Stewart Robeson died in 1811. In 1812 James B. Robeson married Nancy Stewart, No. 41, also his cousin; their children were:--
Robert Stewart Robeson [married Elizabeth Stewart, No. 84],
Sarah Marjorie Robeson, Nancy Marie Robeson, Hannah Susanna Robeson,
James Wilson Robeson, married Nancy M. Stewart, No. 93.
James B. Robeson died Nov. 24, 1865, aged 82 years, his wife, Nancy C. Stewart died Apr. 20, 1872, aged 83 years, Piqua, Ohio.
21st. Mary Robeson, daughter of Jane Stewart and John Robeson, born in Fayette Co., Pa., in 1783, married in 1807 John Morrow of Butler Co., Ohio. She died in 1818, aged 33 years; their children: John, James, Wilson, Mary married Andrew Stewart, Jane married Rev. James Boner.
6th. John Stewart, born son of Hugh Stewart and Hannah Dallas Stewart, was born in Pashon Twp. July 2, 1753. In the spring of 1777 at the age of 24 years, he enlisted in the Revolutionary War, was in the Pennsylvania line at the same time as his cousin, John Stewart, who was much his senior, [who] was taken prisoner at the Battle of Germantown, Oct. 4, 1777, suffered so terribly from starvation and exposure whilst a prisoner under the tender mercies of the British, that on his exchange, it became necessary for his father to go to Philadelphia after him.
He, John Stewart, 6th, married Mary Robeson, sister of John Robeson, who married his sister Jane, and settled in Fayette Co., Pa. They had four sons and 3 daughters, as follows:-- Hugh born Jan. 30, 1780 who died in infancy. [Died 1785, age 5.]; William, born in Fayette Co., Pa., March 25, 1782; Hannah, born Dec. 19, 1783; Sarah, born Apr. 27, 1786; John, born Feb. 17, 1788; James, born Aug. [Sept] 11, 1791; Mary, born March 17, 1794. These records of birth are all found in the old Family Bible which John Stewart gave [willed] to his youngest daughter, Mary, and of which a copy was given to me [M. Finney] by Miss Maude Gertrude Stewart, Northfield, Minn., who is a great grand-daughter of John Stewart and Mary Robeson and who gave me a copy of John Stewart’s old Bible Family Record, which he willed to his youngest daughter, Mary Stewart. In this con-